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Mitsubishi Electric FR-F740-00023 Instruction Manual: Measurement Of Powers; Measurement Of Voltages And Use Of Pt

F700 series.
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Measurement of main circuit voltages,
currents and powers
6.2.2

Measurement of powers

Use digital power meters (for inverter) for the both of inverter input and output side. Alternatively, measure using
electrodynamic type single-phase wattmeters for the both of inverter input and output side in two-wattmeter or three-
wattmeter method. As the current is liable to be imbalanced especially in the input side, it is recommended to use the
three-wattmeter method.
Examples of measured value differences produced by different measuring meters are shown below.
An error will be produced by difference between measuring instruments, e.g. power calculation type and two- or three-
wattmeter type three-phase wattmeter. When a CT is used in the current measuring side or when the meter contains a
PT on the voltage measurement side, an error will also be produced due to the frequency characteristics of the CT and
PT.
[Measurement conditions]
Constant-torque (100%) load, constant-power at 60Hz
or more.
3.7kW, 4-pole motor, value indicated in 3-wattmeter
method is 100%.
%
120
100
3-wattmeter method (Electro-dynamometer type)
80
2-wattmeter method (Electro-dynamometer type)
Clip AC power meter
(For balanced three-phase load)
60
Clamp-on wattmeter
(Hall device power arithmetic type)
0
20
40
60
80 100 120Hz
Example of measuring inverter input power
6.2.3

Measurement of voltages and use of PT

(1) Inverter input side
As the input side voltage has a sine wave and it is extremely small in distortion, accurate measurement can be made
with an ordinary AC meter.
(2) Inverter output side
Since the output side voltage has a PWM-controlled rectangular wave, always use a rectifier type voltmeter. A needle
type tester can not be used to measure the output side voltage as it indicates a value much greater than the actual
value. A moving-iron type meter indicates an effective value which includes harmonics and therefore the value is larger
than that of the fundamental wave. The value monitored on the operation panel is the inverter-controlled voltage itself.
Hence, that value is accurate and it is recommended to monitor values (provide analog output) using the operation
panel.
(3) PT
No PT can be used in the output side of the inverter. Use a direct-reading meter. (A PT can be used in the input side of
the inverter.)
300
[Measurement conditions]
Constant-torque (100%) load, constant-power at 60Hz
or more.
3.7kW, 4-pole motor, value indicated in 3-wattmeter
method is 100%.
%
120
100
3-wattmeter method (Electro-dynamometer type)
80
2-wattmeter method (Electro-dynamometer type)
Clip AC power meter
(For balanced three-phase load)
60
Clamp-on wattmeter
(Hall device power arithmetic type)
0
20
40
60
80 100 120Hz
Example of measuring inverter output power

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